How do you hook up phone lines

The most common type is the 4-strand 2 twisted pair. This consists of red and green wires, which make a pair, and yellow and black wires, which make the other pair. One telephone line needs only 2 wires. Therefore it follows that a 4-strand wire can carry 2 separate phone lines.

The twisting keeps the lines from interfering with each other. If you need to run more lines than just 2, you may want to use a 6-strand, or higher. Telephone wire comes in 2 gauges, 22 gauge and 24 gauge, 24 gauge being today's standard. There are 2 types of common modular plugs, the RJ and the RJ The most common is the RJ which uses only 2 of the wires in a 4 or more strand wire. This is the same kind of plug that you use to plug your telephone into the wall.


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This is a 1-line plug. The RJ uses 4 wires and is used to handle 2 lines, or 2-line phones. The first step The first step to a small wiring job is to figure out what the telephone company has left you to work with. What kind of network interface NI do you have? They have probably left you either a punchdown block or a network interface box. If there is a punchdown block, and you can't get the phone company to install a modular jack for each Plain Old Telephone Service POTS or central office CO line, then you will need a punchdown tool to connect your inside wiring to the NI.

Most new installations consist of a network interface box. This has modular test jacks where you can plug a phone in to see if the line is live and a terminal strip from which you run your internal wiring IW. Wiring From the NI you want to plan how you want the wiring in your location to be. The star or homerun method is the most common method of wiring. Each extension or phone jack is run directly from the NI or phone system if you are installing one.

RadioShack - Telephone Installation Training - How to Install a Phone Jack & much more!

The other type of wiring is called the series or loop method. In this method one long wire links all of the extensions in a series. This loop method is not widely used anymore. As with the old type of Christmas lights, if one goes out, all of them go out. Using the star method, you are obviously going to have a few wires coming from your NI, as you will have one wire for each of your plugs.

These posts are where your new wiring will connect to the phone company wiring. Unplug the phone company line. Before you begin your wiring project, you'll need to unplug the phone company line that is plugged into the jack inside the box. This is just a safety precaution, as it will disconnect the power flowing from the phone company line.

The Basics of Telephone Wiring

This line must be plugged back in once you've completed the wiring. Install your telephone jack if necessary. If you don't have a telephone jack and cable installed in your house, follow the steps in the linked article. This will allow you to install your telephone jack along with the cable that you'll use to connect to the Network Interface Device box. If you already have a telephone jack in your house, skip this step. If you have a telephone jack but no cable, follow the linked article's steps to connect one end of a telephone cable to the telephone jack. Run the telephone wire back to your Network Interface Device box.

This part is entirely up to you; some landline users opt to run the wires through the walls, while others choose to run the wire out through the attic or the foundation and then along the side of the house. Attach the telephone jack to your Network Interface Device box. You'll use the colored screw sections in the Network Interface Box to do this: Clip the end of the phone cable off. Strip an inch off of the end of each of the colored wires. Separate the green wire and the red wire. Unscrew the red connector screw and the green connector screw or both of the screws in the "Line 1" area.

Wrap the red wire's bare section around the red connector's screw, then repeat with the green wire and the green connector. Plug the company line back in. It should plug back into the port into which it was initially inserted. At this point, your landline is active; you can now proceed with attaching your landline phone. You may have to call the company and request that they activate your phone line before you can use your landline.

Plug a telephone wire into the telephone jack.


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  4. The telephone wire should connect just like the company phone line's connector attached to the Network Interface Device box; you'll hear a soft click when the connector is in place. Attach the other end of the wire to your landline's receiver. Place your landline phone's receiver near the telephone jack, then plug the free end of the wire into the "Line 1" port on the back of the receiver.

    Unless otherwise specified by your phone's manufacturer, avoid using the "Line 2" or other ports on the back of the receiver. Attach your landline's receiver to your router if necessary. Some landline phones e. You'll use an Ethernet cable to connect the "Internet" port on your receiver to any free port on the back of your router. Plug your receiver into a power outlet.

    Using the power cable which came with your landline's receiver, plug one end of the cable into an electrical outlet and then plug the other end into the "Power" port on the back of the receiver.

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    Your phone receiver may have a built-in power cable. If so, just plug the free end of the cable into an electrical outlet. If your phone is properly wired and your phone company has activated service for your landline, you should hear a dial tone when you pick up the phone. At this point, you're free to make a call or set up your landline phone based on its manual. How do I hook up my new phone line to the phone company's box outside?

    If the box in question only has two possible connections, just plug a RJ11 jack into the one marked Line 1.

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    Doing your own telephone wiring

    If there are more, you would be well advised to ask your phone company to send out a technician. Not Helpful 2 Helpful The cable has 4 wires. However, only 2 are used. Which ones do I connect? As long as you use the same colors on both ends, it doesn't matter. Not Helpful 3 Helpful 4. You could use a multimeter.